Hidden History – LGBT Month

In recent years there has been increasing interest in more personal versions of history such as gender and sexuality, but it’s often difficult to uncover evidence of private lives, particularly of ordinary people. In reviewing a recent addition to the Archives of an album of North Shields police “mugshots” from the early 20th century I was therefore intrigued to notice that one of the men arrested appeared to be wearing women’s clothing.

Robert Coulthard after his arrest in 1913

The album unfortunately only gives the name and date of arrest, and the records from the North Shields Police Court that would have contained the details of the crime don’t seem to have survived. Finding out more about the circumstances therefore entailed a trip to Newcastle Central Library to research their excellent collection of local newspapers. Armed with the man’s name – Robert Coulthard – and the date of his arrest as 10 December 1913 it was reasonably easy to find the account of his appearance before the court in the following day’s paper.

A single paragraph reports that Robert Coulthard, 25 “who appeared in the dock stylishly dressed as a woman”  was charged with “having loitered in Charlotte Street and Church Street for the purpose of committing a felony” and was remanded for eight days.

More interesting, however, was a much longer report immediately above of five young men who had been arrested the same night at the Mill Dam in South Shields, also dressed in female clothes. A police witness reported that they were “dancing about and shouting to some sailors” and that he had previously seen some of the defendants similarly dressed. The men, however, claimed that they were in fancy dress and had been to a carnival. Nevertheless the chairman of the magistrates “remarked that the Bench regarded it as a very serious charge, and they were determined to put this sort of thing down”.

Circumstantially it would appear that Robert Coulthard had been in company with these men before making his way across to North Shields, and that they all regularly wore women’s clothing, although the court reports are vague as to what their actual offence was.

I then tried to find out a little more about Robert Coulthard. The same album of photographs shows that he had been previously arrested for indecent assault in 1903, when he was only 15 , but this case does not seem to have been reported in the newspaper so the circumstances remain a mystery.

Robert Coulthard in 1903

It is possible to piece together a little more about Robert Coulthard’s life. I discovered from the 1911 census that he was born in Gateshead and at that time was a servant in a sailors’ boarding house at East Holborn, South Shields – providing another link to the South Shields men. In 1891, aged 4, he was living in Oakwellgate, Gateshead with his mother Mary, a charwoman, and four brothers and sisters aged from 11 to 2. Mary is listed as married but her husband was not at home. By 1901 he was an inmate of the Abbot Memorial School in Gateshead, an “industrial school” designed to reform wayward children.

Postcard from http://www.picturesofgateshead.co.uk/postcards_gateshead1/index.html

Unfortunately after 1913 Robert Coulthard can’t be positively identified in the records. What happened to him? Did he serve in the First World War? Did he end up in prison? Or did he go on to lead a long and happy life? Perhaps the release of the 1921 census in 10 years time may tell us more, or other records may turn up in the meantime to help fill out an intriguing life story.

3 Responses to Hidden History – LGBT Month

  1. Fascinating story. Have mentioned it on my ‘British & Irish Genealogy blog’ at http://www.bi-gen.blogspot.com (entry for 9th Feb, at foot of post).
    Best wishes, Mick.

  2. Liz Rees says:

    Excellent! Thanks.

    • Liz Rees says:

      The increase in resources available on the internet, notably the British Newspaper Archive http://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/ (£) has enabled me to carry the story of Robert Coulthard’s life forward a few years. Sadly the evidence is still all from the criminal justice system, but it’s clear that Robert continued to dress, and indeed live as a woman. The first story is from 1915 when the Newcastle Journal of 2 August carried a story about a case at the Gateshead Police Court. Robert Coulthard had been arrested with his brother Frederick by two police detectives who had kept watch on his house in Glass House Lane following “certain information regarding Robert”. They said they had never seen him “in female attire” before, though the story goes on to describe how Coulthard’s house “well furnished, draped out with curtains” had “not a single article of male attire in the house”. The article rather salaciously describes Robert’s appearance before the bench “with a low-cut blouse, tastefully arranged hair and a large black hat with a long blue veil” and states that he had been convicted at West Hartlepool in the name of Jenny Moore, of keeping a disorderly house. He informed the bench that he “had worn such clothes almost from childhood” but gave no response to the question of why he did it. He was sentenced to 3 months imprisonment.

      The story obviously exerted a tabloidesque fascination and was reported in papers as far and wide as the Hull Daily Mail and the Evening telegraph in Angus, Scotland.

      Robert Coulthard next appears in a story in the Liverpool Echo on 29 June 1916 of a magistrate’s hearing into a case of him and a James Blake “masquerading as man and wife”, leading “an immoral life” and allowing a house they occupied as Mr & Mrs James Gray off Lime Street to be used for immoral purposes. Coulthard’s “clever make-up caused both the [arresting] officers to believe that he was a woman”. They were committed for trial at Manchester Assizes – these records are at the National Archives, obviously the next port of call.

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