Abolishing slavery was a long and drawn out process. It took centuries of resistance by the enslaved in the Caribbean and the Americas and decades of campaigning in the European slaving nations. The British campaign drew support from men, women and children across the country including people in the North East.
In the mid-1700s, a small number of British people began to argue that slavery was immoral. They exposed the high death rates of the Africans on the slave ships and their miserable working conditions on the plantations. During the 1780s and '90s the campaign attracted more support around the country. The campaign leaders finally succeeded in persuading Parliament to pass the 1807 Act of Parliament which stopped ships carrying enslaved Africans to British colonies.
The anti-slavery movement gathered more supporters after 1807 and in 1833 an Act to abolish slavery in the British colonies was passed by Parliament. It took another 5 years before the enslaved were granted full freedom, as their owners were allowed to keep them on as bonded or indentured slaves until 1838.
Many abolitionists in Britain carried on campaigning to abolish slavery in other parts of the world. Slavery in the United States was finally abolished in 1865: many North East people had worked hard to bring this about.